24 Feb Summer is here: 14 children’s health tips
Do you want to spend a quiet summer without frights or illnesses? Put these 14 tips into practice to protect your children and… enjoy the good weather!
Do Not Lower Your Guard
In summer there are also diseases. Viral colds, gastroenteritis, external otitis, laryngitis, conjunctivitis, insect bites, impetigo due to infected wounds, and athlete’s foot are the disorders that most affect health during the summer months.
Hygiene Against Gastroenteritis And Salmonellosis
“Gastroenteritis is very common in childhood. The most important preventive measures are extreme hygiene: hand washing is the most effective form of protection. In the case of salmonellosis, it is also advisable to wash the food correctly, properly cook it and refrigerate it, especially in the summer months”, comments Dr. María Jesús Pascual, head of the Pediatrics service at the Vithas Nisa Pardo Hospital. of Aravaca (Madrid).
Control Snacking And Monitor Your Diet
In summer, the diet should be as always: varied and balanced, with foods from all groups: fruits, vegetables, meat, fish, cereals, legumes, eggs, and dairy products. It is advisable to monitor the tendency to snack and consumes non-nutritious foods”, explains Dr. Pascual.
Give Them More Fluids
Should hydration be increased in summer? “Yes, due to the increase in ambient temperature. In addition, children spend more hours in the sun, perform more physical activity with sweat production and play a lot outdoors”, explains Dr. Antonio Redondo, a pediatrician at the Vithas Medimar International Hospital in Alicante.
Watch For Dehydration
As explained by Dr. Antonio Redondo, the warning symptoms that the child is dehydrated are pale skin and dark circles under the eyes due to the lack of fluid in the skin. At first, there is also irritability and if it progresses, decay. In babies who still have an open fontanelle, it sinks.
Protect Them Against Heat Stroke
As Dr. María Jesús Pascual points out, “ children under one year of age are the most sensitive to heatstroke. Keeping a child in a closed car, even for a short time, exposing himself to the sun in very hot hours, or doing intense exercise without adequate hydration are situations that favor heat stroke.
«In summer the diet should be as always: varied and balanced. It is advisable to monitor the tendency to snack and consumes non-nutritious foods”
Apply Sunscreen Well
Sunscreen should be applied before the child puts on a bathing suit and at least half an hour before sun exposure. The ideal is to spread the cream at home on all areas, without forgetting any (ears, hands, nose, neck…). It is important to extend it correctly (making circles) and renew it at least every two hours. The cream is not only used on sunny days but also on cloudy days.
Take Care Of The Skin In Case Of Burns
As recommended by Dr. Antonio Redondo, when a child suffers burns, the first thing is “to get him out of the sun, take care of the affected skin with an after-sun; and if he has blistering lesions, seek medical attention and offer fluids.”
Control Sun Exposure
Should children wear a shirt when they are on the beach? “No. Wearing clothing can give a false illusion of protection from ultraviolet rays. Light colors offer less sun protection. In very sunny places, and especially at noon and when there is a lot of sunshine, children should be completely avoided exposing themselves to the sun ”.
Alert Against Secondary Drowning
“When a child or an adult drowns in fresh or saltwater and responds well to cardiopulmonary resuscitation maneuvers, they remain apparently ‘normal’, but there is a period of between 1 and 72 hours in If the water has reached the alveoli of the lungs, lung function can be compromised and symptoms of ‘secondary drowning’ can occur: shortness of breath, intense coughing, extreme tiredness, and brain damage. For this reason, after drowning, the patient should be kept under observation in a hospital”, explains Dr. Antonio Redondo, a pediatrician at the Vithas Medimar International Hospital in Alicante.
Dry Your Ears Well
The basic precautions to avoid otitis from swimming pools that many children suffer from are, according to Dr. Antonio Redondo, “dry your ears well when you get out of the water with a towel and tilt your head to both sides to try to get out the water that has entered”. In addition, ” in susceptible children, bathing time should be reduced, earplugs and bathing caps should be used, and a few drops of a diluted alcohol solution can be put on when leaving the water.”
In The Water, Always Supervised
Drowning is the second most frequent cause of death in children under nine years of age, which is why children must always be supervised in the pool. Experts advise teaching them to swim early (from the age of four), but even so, you have to control them visually.
“Should children wear a shirt when they are on the beach? “No. Wearing clothing can give a false illusion of protection from ultraviolet rays.
Beware Of Diving
5% of spinal cord injuries occur when diving into a pool, lake, or sea. It usually happens especially among the adolescent population, so extreme care must be taken: always checking the bottom beforehand and not diving headfirst.
Always Wear Shoes In Wet Areas
Fungal infections in swimming pools are also very common in summer. The basic guideline to avoid them is to always wear shoes in wet areas and where water puddles, such as in showers. When you get out of the water, you have to insist on drying between your fingers. The fungus can also grow from keeping the swimsuit wet for a long time when you get out of the water.
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